记单词时不要采用从A——Z的顺序,而是要灵活搭配,比如AJ BOCNDL等,这样记起来既不觉得累又有成就感。一定记住吴老师的建议:每天晚上看1-2页,把自己已经记住的暂时划出来,第二天早上无论多忙都要把前一天晚上看过的单词复习一遍,然后再分别过3天、7天、15天、30天各复习一遍,坚持下来,到考前一周看最后一遍时,你会觉得大部分单词都已经很熟悉了。另外,务必要把自己做过的历年真题或模拟题中的词汇题集中整理起来,这样的对比记忆特别有助于我们对近义近形词汇的辨析。这样坚持学习,双管齐下,一定会n取得良好学习效果!

abide  遵循(…by);容忍  The
one thig she cannot abide is lying.

abnormal  反常的  abnormal behavior

abolish  彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等)abolish
old custom

abrupt  突然的,意外的  an abrupt departure

absolute  纯粹的,完全的  have
absolute trust in sb.

absorb  吸收,吸进  A
sponge absorbs water.

abstract  抽象的  A flower is beautiful, but beauty itself is

absurd  荒谬的,荒唐的  The idea that number 14 brings
bad luck is absurd.

abuse  滥用  abuse
one’s authority(office) 

aaccelerate  加速,增速  accelerate one’s steps

access  接近(或进入)的机会  have regular and immediate
access to the President

accommodate  使适应,使符合一致  accommodate oneself
to changed circumstances

accompany  陪伴,伴随  She
was accompanied to a dinner by her friend.

accomplish  达到(目的),完成(任务),实现(计划,诺言等) 
accomplish one’s purpose

accord  使符合,相一致(with)  His violent action do not
accord with his peaceful words.

account   记述,叙述  give a brief account of what has happened

accumulate  积累,积攒,积聚  accumulate wisdom

accurate  准确的,精确的  an accurate estimate

accuse  指控,指责  They accused her publicly of stealing their

accustom  使习惯于 
accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early

acquaint  使认识,使了解

activate  使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动  They have planted secret agents
in many countries who could be activated whenever needed.

acute  尖锐的,敏锐的  an acute thinker 

adapt  (使)适应  adapt oneself to
new conditions

address  演说  a television address 

adhere  黏附,附着  Paste is used to make one surface adhere to

adjacent  临近的,毗邻的(to)  a city and its adjacent suburbs

adjoin  贴近,与…毗邻  His house adjoins the lake.

administrate  掌管料理…的事In many Japanese
homes, the funds are administrated by the wife.

adolescent  (尤指16岁以下的)青少年  a film aimed at adolescents

advance  使向前移动  advance a chessman

advantage  有利条件,优点  Sitting Presidents hold built-in advantages
when seeking another term.

adverse  不友好的,敌对的  She felt adverse to her husband’s friends.

advocate  拥护,提倡,主张  advocate self-defence

aesthetic  美学的,艺术的,审美  an aesthetic theory

affliliate  使隶属(或附属)于,使成为会员  a government affiliated company

affirm  断言,申明  affirm the truth of a statement

aggravate  加重,加剧,恶化  aggravate the declining economy

aggressive  侵犯的,侵略的  an aggressive weapon

agitate  搅动(液体等)  The machine agitated the mixture.

alarm  惊恐,忧虑  The bandits scattered in alarm.

alert  警惕的,留神的  In our reading we should always be alert for new usages.

alien  外国的  adjust to an alien culture

allege  断言,宣称  The newspaper alleges the mayor’s guilt.

allocate  分配,分派,把…拨给  allocate funds for new projects

allied  结盟的,有关联的  allied nations

allow  允给,准许,允许  He missed her more than he would allow himself to admit.

allowance  津贴,补贴,零用钱  a housing allowance

alter  改变,更改  alter an attitude 

alternate  交替,轮流  Night and day alternate.

amateur  (艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者  an amateur golfer

amaze  使惊愕,使惊异  I am amazed that he should get the post.

ambiguous  含糊不清的,模棱两可的  an ambiguous answer

ambition  (对名利等的)强烈欲望,野心  His political ambitions still burn.

amend  修改,修订  amend the spelling in sb.’s paper

amuse  逗乐,逗笑,给…提供娱乐(或消遣)  The clown at the circus amused the children.

anchor  锚  The anchor
catches (drags).

announce  宣布,声称  It is officially announced that he will not
run for reelection.

annoy  使恼怒,使生气  She was annoyed at (with) his lightheard

annual  每年的,年度的  the annual output of steel

anonymous  匿名的,无名的  an anonymous letter (phone call)

answer  回答,响应  Henry took ages to answer the door.

anticipate  预期,预料  The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand would fall).

anxious  焦虑的,发愁的(about, at)  They become anxious at her delay.

apart  成零碎  Such
cheap clothes come apart after a few washings.

apparent  显然的,明明白白的  It was apparent that they all

appeal  呼吁,恳求  I appealed to the children to make less

applaud  鼓掌,喝彩,叫好  The audience applauds the
performers for three minutes.

apply  涂,敷  He applied two coats of paint to the table.

appoint  任命,委派  They appointed his father (to be 或as) postmaster.

appraise  估量,估计  appraise the infant’s weight

appreciate  感激  I
appreciated your help much.

apprehend  对…担心  Do
you apprehend that there will be any difficulty?

approach  靠近,接近  John is approaching manhood.

appropriate  恰当的,相称的  Plain, simple clothes are
appropriate for school wear.

approve  赞成,同意  I couldn’t approve his conduct.

approximate  大概的,大约的,近似的  The approximate time is 10

apt  (习性)易于……的,有……倾向的  A
careless person is apt to make mistakes.

arbitrary  随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的  an arbitrary choice

arise  起立,起身  arise from one’s seat

arouse  使……奋发  A man
like Tom will be aroused.  Don’t worry.

array  排列,队形  The troops were formed in battle array.

articulate  发音清晰的,善于表达的  He is articulate about everything in the field of

artificial  人工的,人造的,人为的  artificial price

ascend  登高,(渐渐)上升,升高  The airplane ascended into the cloud.

ascertain 查明,弄清,确定  I ascertained that he was dead.

ashamed  惭愧的,羞耻的  I am ashamed for being so stupid.

ashore  向岸,向陆地  He swam ashore.

aside  在旁边  We stood aside to let her pass.

assault  攻击,袭击  We made an assault on the enemy fort.

assemble  集合,召集  assemble the members of Parliament for a
special meeting.

assert  肯定地说(出),坚定地断言  He asserted his innocence.

assess  估价,评价,评论  assess the present state of the economy

assign  分配,布置(作业)  The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson.

assimilate  吸收,消化  He is quick to assimilate new ideas.

associate  (使)联系,(使)结合  We naturally associated the
name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution.

assume  假定,假设  Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming
(that) the weather si favarable.

assure 深信不疑地对……说,向……保证

assurance  保证,把握,信心  He gave me his
assurance that he would help.

astonish  使惊讶  I was astonished at his sudden appearance.

attach  系,贴,连接  attach a label to a suitcase

attain  达到,获得  attain one’s goal

attend  出席,参加(会议等)  attend a wedding

attendance  出席,参加,出席人数,出席率 Our class has perfect attendance today.

attentive  注意的,专心的  an attentive audience

attribute  把归因于,把……(过错的责任等)归于(to)  He attributed his success to hard work.

auxiliary  辅助的  an auxiliary rocket

avail  有利于,有助于  Will force alone avail us?

average  平均数,平均  The paper receives an average of nearly 100 articles a day.

avert  挡开,防止,避免  Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy.

awake  醒,觉醒  awake from sleep

award  授予(奖品等)  The university awarded him an honorary degree.

ban  (以官方明令)禁止,取缔  He was banned from entering the city.

bang  (突发的)  sudden loud bang

bar  条,块,杆,棒  a bar of gold

bare  赤裸的,光秃的,空无内容的  walk in bare feet

beforehand  预先,事先  If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand.

behave  举止端正,听话 Do behave.

bewilder  使迷惑,使糊涂  I’m bewildered as to which one to buy.

bias  偏见,偏心  have a bias against sb.(或sth.)

blame  责备,责怪  Public opinion blames Mrs Smith for leading the girl astray.

blast  一阵(风),一股(气流)  a blast of wind

blaze  火焰  The fire sprang into a blaze.

blunt  钝的  The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppressive.

blush  (因害羞、激动、窘困)脸红  blush with(或for) joy

boast   自吹自擂,自夸的话  He is full of boasts.

bolt  螺栓,(门,窗的)插销  a small bag of nuts and bolts

boom  低沉有回响的声音  The great bell tolled with a deep boom.

border  边界,边境,边沿  a district on the Kampuchean side of the border with Thailand

bore  钻孔,挖(通道)  bore through a wall

bounce  弹起,反弹  The ball doesn’t bounce well.

bound  跳跃,弹回  She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly.

boycott  (联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加  boycott uncooperative manufactures

brace  托架,支架  He braced his muscles and lifted the weight.

breed  (使)繁殖  Rabbits breed families rapidly.

bribe  贿赂  accept(或take)a
bribe from sb.

brief  短暂的,简短的,简洁的  a brief holiday

brisk  轻快的,生气勃勃的  a brisk pace

brittle  易碎的,一碰就破的  brittle glass

brush  刷子,毛刷  a laundry brush

bump  碰,撞(against,
into)  The truck bumped against the wall
in the dark.

burst  爆炸,爆裂  The boiler burst.

calculate  计算,推算  calculate the distance between New York and

call  喊,叫  Please call the names of all the people who
are present.

cancel  取消,废除,删去  cancel a trip

capture  俘虏,捕获  capture butterflies

case  事例,事实,事情  This is a case of poor

cast  投,扔,抛,撒,掷  cast doubt(s) on the
feasibility of a scheme

casual  偶然的,无计划的,随便的,非正式的  a casual meeting

cease  停止,终止,结束  The music ceased suddenly.

certify  证明,证实  The accounts were certified (as) correct.

challenge  向…挑战  Our
school challenged the local champion team to a football match.

character  (事物的)性质,特质  The furniture in Tom’s
apartment was pretentious and without character.

charge  要(价),收(费)  The airlines charge half price
for students.

charm  魅力,魔力  This thriving resort town has retained its
village charm.

chase  追逐,追求  The police chased the escaping thief and
caught him at last.

check  使突然停止,制止  check one’s steps

cherish  珍爱,珍视  cherish one’s native land

chew  嚼,咀嚼  He chewed a mouthful of meat.

choke  窒息,噎住  be choked by smoke

chorus  合唱队

chronic  (疾病)慢性的,(人)久病的  chronic indigestion

clarity  澄清,阐明  clarify an issue

cling  粘着  The frightened child clung to her mother.

clumsy  笨拙的  a clumsy boy

cluster  (果实,花等的)串,束,簇; (人或物)的群,组  a cluster of tourists

clutch  紧抓,紧握  clutch at an opportunity

coherent  一致的,协调的  lack coherent political goals

coin  硬币,钱币,金属货币  a silver coin

coincide  相符,相一致  100 Centigrade coincides with
212 Fahrenheit.

collaborate  (尤指在文艺、科学等方面)合作,协作  He and I collaborated in
writing plays.

collapse  倒坍,崩溃,瓦解  The roof collapsed under the
weight of the snow.

collide  碰撞,互撞  The car collided with the truck.

come  来,来到  Will you come to the dance tonight?

commemorate  纪念,庆祝  commemorate a holiday

commend  表扬,称赞  commend a soldier for bravery

compact  紧密的,坚实的  a compact piece of luggage

compare  比较,对照(with,
to)   compare the body to a finely tuned

compatible  能和睦相处的,合的来的  You should choose a roommate
more compatible to your tastes.

compile  汇编,编制  compile an anthology of poems

comply  遵从,顺从,服从  comply with rules(safety

compose  组成,构成  England, Scotland, and Wales compose the
island of Great Britain.

compress  压缩  He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a
few sentences

comprise  包含,包括  The shipyard comprises three docks.

compromise  妥协,折衷  compromise over the hard-fought next.

compulsory  必须做的,义务的  a compulsory subject

conceal  隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽  He concealed his disappointment
from his friends.

conceive  构想出,设想  conceive an idea

concentrate  集中,专心  concentrate one’s attention

condemn  谴责  We all condemn cruelty to children.

condense  (使)压缩,(使)凝结,使简洁  condense a speech to half

confer  商谈,商议  confer with sb. Over (on, about, concerning)

confess  坦白,供认,承认,忏悔  confess one’s crime

confidence  信任  break sb.’s confidence

confine  限制,使局限  They succeeded in confining the
fire to a small area.

confirm  证实,肯定  confirm a rumour

conflict  (尤指长期的)战争,战斗  The conflict between Greece and
Troy lasted ten years.

conform  遵照,适应  confirm to(或with)
the rules(the law)

confront  (使)面临,(使)遭遇  The war confronted him with

confuse  使混乱,混淆  He confused the arrangements by
arriving late.

connect  连接,连接  The bridge connects the island with(或to) the mainland.

conscious  意识到的,自觉地  They were conscious that he

consent  同意,赞同,准许  The people will never consent
to another war.

conserve  保护,保藏,保存  conserve natural resources

consider  考虑,细想  Consider carefully before doing anything.

consist  组成,构成(of)  The house consists of six rooms.

consolidate  巩固,加强  consolidate one’s position

conspicuous  显眼的,明显的,引人瞩目的  He felt as conspicuous as if he
had stood on a stage.

constant  经常的,不断的  a constant noise

constitute  组成,构成  constitute a threat to sb.

consult  请教,与……商量 
consult a doctor about one’s illness

consume 消费,花费:
consume much of one’s time in reading

contact  接触,联系,交往:
be in contact with sb

contain 包括,容纳,
a list containing twelve items

Fumes contaminate the air

a contempt for sb

contest竞赛,比赛,竞争:the contest between the two powers for the
control of the region

into(make)a contact with

contradict反驳,同….相矛盾,同….相抵触:The facts contradict his theory

the contrary view

contrast between the two forms of government

contribute捐(款等),捐献:He contributed 5dollars to the charity every

a new method

point of controversy

a new constitution at a convention

coal to (into) pipeline gas

convey运送,输送,传送:a wire conveys an electric current

convict(经审讯)证明…有罪,宣判…有罪:He was convicted of smuggling

the functions of government agencies

cordial热情友好的,热诚的,真心的:a cordial hello(smile, invitation)

correspond相符合相称(to,with):Fulfillment seldom corresponds to

correspondent通信者,通讯员,记者:a good(bad)correspondent


corrodes the confidence that must exist between buyer and seller

corrupt堕落的,腐败的,贪赃舞弊的:lead a corrupt life

count the money

English course

courtesy 谦恭有礼。有礼的举止(或)言辞:come in without courtesy

credit信任,可信性:I have full credit in your ability to do the

crucial 决定性的,关键性的:a crucial decision

cue 提示,暗号,信号:throw cues to sb

cultivate耕作,栽培,养殖:cultivate vegetables

cure 治愈,医治:this medicine cured him of his pains。

cut 切,割,剪,砍,削; The Mayor cut the ribbon to open a trade


dawn 黎明,拂晓 work from dawn to dark

dazzle (强光等)使目眩,耀眼:He was dazzled by his sudden success.

deceive 欺骗,蒙蔽:deceive oneself

decent 体面的,像样的:She didn’t have a decent dress for the ball.

decline 拒绝,谢绝:We sent him an invitation but he declined.

分解,腐烂,腐败:decompose a compound into its

dedicate 奉献,把。。。用在(to):
The doctor dedicated himself to finding a cure.

deduce 演绎,推论:From her conversation, I deduced that she had
a large family.

define 解释,给。。。下定义: People define him as a genius.

deforms plastic.

defy 公然违抗,反抗:He was going ahead defying all difficulties.

Her eyesight degenerated with the years.

deliberate 慎重的,深思熟虑的:The government is taking deliberate action to
lower prices.

delight 高兴,快乐:To the teacher’s great delight , all his
students passed the examination.

deliver 投递,传送,运输:deliver the mail

论证,证明 :demonstrate
a philosophical principle

denote 表示,是。。。的标志,意思是:A frown often denotes displeasure.

dense 稠密的,密集的:a dense forest

deposit 存放: She deposited her bag in the cloakroom.

depress 使沮丧,使消沉:That movie depressed me.

deprive  剥夺,使丧失:deprive sb. of his property

derive 取得,得到:He derived his enthusiasm for literature from
his father.

descend 下来,下降:Darkness descended too soon.

deserve 应得,值得:The question deserves consideration.

指明,表明:designate boundaries

desolate 荒芜的,不毛的:desolate land

despise 蔑视,鄙视:He despises flattery.

detach 拆卸:They detached their trailer and set up camp.

detain 留住,担搁:be detained by business.

detect (当场)发现(某人在干坏事):detect a student cheating

(使)恶化,(使)变坏,(使)退化: Relations between the two countries began
to deteriorate.

deviate 背离,偏离:deviate from the rule

devote 将…献给(to):Mary devoted her life to caring for the

diagnose 诊断,判断:The doctor diagnosed the illness as

dictate 口授,使听写:dictate a letter to a secretary

使不同,使有差别,区分,区别:differentiate varieties of plants

diffuse 扩散(气体,液体等):The colors of the sunset were diffused across
the sky.

diminish 减少,降低:His illness diminished his strength.

diplomat 外交家,外交官,圆滑的人:a career diplomat

discard 丢弃,抛弃:discard an old pair of shoes

discern 看出,觉察出:We could discern from his appearance that he
was upset.

disclose 揭露,透露,使公开:disclose information to sb.

释放:The judge found him not guilty and
discharged him.

discount 把(价格,费用等)打折扣,削价出售:The store discounts 3 per cent on
all bills paid when due.

区别,辨别:It’s difficult to discriminate
between the twin brothers.

disgrace 丢脸,耻辱:bring disgrace on oneself

disgust 厌恶,恶心:feel disgust for bad odors

disperse 分散,驱散,散去:Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas

displace 移动。。。的位置:Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the
rising floodwaters

dispose 布置,整理:The stores disposed the jewellery in an
attractive display

不理会,不顾:Disregard the noise and keep

distinct 有区别的,不同的:Three distinct types of people

distort 扭歪,扭曲:a face distorted by (或with)pain

distract 使转向:be distracted from one’s original purpose

分配,分发:distribute the prizes among the

divorce 离婚,分离,脱离:sue for a divorce

dominate 分配,统治:a white dominated society

donate 捐赠,赠送:They donate to the Red Cross every year.

doom 命运,厄运,劫数:His doom was to be poverty.

doze 打瞌睡,打盹儿:The old lady dozed in her armchair.

drain 慢慢排去:drain water from a pool

dread 怕,畏惧:I dread to think of what may happen.

drift 漂流,漂泊:The sounds of music drifted up to us.

dubious 引起怀疑的,不确定的:a dubious reply

due 欠款的,应支付的:A great deal of money is due to you.

dump 倾倒,倾卸:He opened his bag and dumped its contents on
the desk.

完全一样的,复制的:a duplicate key

durable 耐用的:a durable fabric

dwell (dwelt 或
dwelled )(尤指作为常住居民)居住: dwell on an island


economical节约的,节俭的,经济的: an economical stove

At the edge of the lake women were doing their washing


elaborate plot

elevate举起,提高,抬起:elevate the living standards of the people

the exploitation of man by man

elite出类拔萃的人(或物),精华:the elite of the society

eloquent雄辩的,口才流利的,有说服力的:an eloquent spokesman

embark上船(或飞机,汽车等):embark for Europe at New York harbor

principles in actions

embrace拥抱:She embraced her son tenderly

from Canada to Australia

emit发出,散发(光,热,电度,声音,液体,气味等),发射电子:The chimney emitted a cloud of smoke

enclose (从四面八方)围住,包围:enclose a porch with glass

an old friend in the theatre

endeavor (为达到某一目的而)努力,尝试:How much he endeavored, goal stayed

man of energy

principal enforced the rules of the school

engage (用契约诺言等)约束,使订婚:He engaged himself as an apprentice to a

enhance 提高(价格,质量,吸引力等),增加,增强:enhance
one’s reputation

enlighten 启发,使摆脱偏见(或迷信)Would you enlighten me on your plans for the

enroll 吸收(成员),招生:The school enrolled about 300 pupils last

ensure 保证,担保:His
industriousness and ability will ensure his success

entertain 给。。。娱乐,使有兴趣:The
child is entertaining himself with his building blocks

entitle 给。。。权利,给。。。资格(to):Robert was entitled to see the documents

equivalent 相等的,相同的:The
misery of such a position is equivalent to its happiness

erase 擦掉,抹掉,消除:erase the chalk marks

erect 竖直的,垂直的,竖起的:an erect tree

erupt (火山,喷泉等)喷发:The volcano is due to erupt any day

essence 本质,实质,要素:Being thoughtful of others is the essence of

eternal 永恒的,永存的,永久的:eternal truths

evaluate 估价,评价:evaluate

evaporate water

to the facts and don’t exaggerate

exceed 超出,胜过:Her
performance exceeded all the others

excess 超越,超过:an
excess of supply over demand

execute 实行,实施,执行,履行:execute
a plan

exemplify 例示,举例证明,是…的例证(或榜样等):The teacher exemplified the use of the word

exert 用力,尽力:exert
all one’s strength

exhaust 汲空,抽完:exhaust
a well

expand 扩大,扩展,膨胀:Reading(travel)expands one’s mind

expel 驱逐,赶走:expel
an invader from a country

expend 花费,消费(on,
in):They expended all their strength in (on) trying to climb out

expire 满期,届期,(期限)终止:His
term of office expires this year

explicit 详尽的,明确的:give
explicit directions

exploit英勇的或冒险的行为或事迹:The daring of exploit of the parachutists
were much admired

exterior 外部的,外面的,外表的:exterior decorations

external 外面的,外部的:external
signs of a disease

extinct (火等)熄灭了的:an
extinct cigarette(fire)

a cigarette(candle)

a confession

extravagant in one’s way of living


finest craftsmen fabricated this clock

a port would facilitate the passage of oil from the Middle East to Japan

fade (颜色)褪去:The
color in this material will not fade

faint不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的:a faint idea

fancy想象力:Children usually have a lively fancy

fare车费,船费,飞机票价:full (half) fare

fascinate强烈的吸引,迷住,使神魂颠倒:be fascinated with history

speaks in a very strange fashion

favor 恩惠,善意的行为:We
would esteem it a great favor if you would reply at once

feasible 可行的:a feasible plan(idea)

feeble 虚弱的,无力的:His
pulse was very feeble

feed 喂养,饲养:feed
a baby at the breast

figure 数字:according to official figures

finance 财政,金融:skill
in finance

finite 有限的,有限制的:a
finite number of facts

flare (火焰)闪耀,(摇曳不定地)燃烧:candle
flaring in the wind

flash 闪光,闪烁:a
flash of lighting

flat land

feel greatly flattered by your invitation

flavor味,味道,风味:drama with a European flavor

enemy troops fled in utter confusion


fling(用力)扔,掷,抛,丢:fling sb into prison

flourish 茂盛,繁荣,兴旺:Painting flourished in Italy in the
fifteenth century

can’t march in a straight line to the victory, you fluctuate it

flush 脸红:Her cheeks flushed red

forbid 不许,禁止:Wine
is absolutely forbidden to all the children

forge锻炼:forge a horse-shoe out of an iron bar

a policy

fracture 裂缝,裂痕:
a fracture in the pipe

trips to France are less frequent now

frown 皱眉:frown at sb

a plan

(fulfilled, fulfilling)履行,实现,完成:
fulfill a contract

furnish供应,提供:furnish blankets for the refugees

fury狂怒,暴怒:fly into a fury

fuss大惊小怪,乱忙,小题大做:make much fuss over losing a penny


gallop (马等的)飞跑,疾驰:The horse did a fine gallop during the race

gamble赌博:gamble at cards

gasp 喘气,喘息:speak between gasps

gear齿轮,传动装置,(排)档:interlock cogs and gears

归纳,概括:I don’t think you can generalize
about what voters will do

generate 产生,发生(电、热、光、力、摩擦力等):generate electricity

genuine 真的,非人造的,名副其实的:genuine leather

gesture 手势,示意动作:raise one’s hands in a gesture of despair

glance 一瞥,扫视:take a glance at the newspaper headlines

glare 怒视,瞪眼:give the jury a glare

glimpse 一瞥,一看:have a glimpse of (into)sth

glitter 闪闪发亮(或发光),光彩夺目,闪耀:His language glitters with marvelous words

glory 光荣,荣誉:The soldiers hoped to win glory on the battle

glow 发热,发光,发红:the fire glowing in the darkness

gossip 流言蜚语:give rise to gossip

govern 统治,管理:govern a nation

grace 优美:She ran well, grace in every movement

from college

grant 同意,准予:grant a request

grease 油脂,动物脂:the grease spot on the envelope

greet 问候,招呼:greet sb with a nod

grieve 使悲伤,使伤心:The little girl grieved over her kitten’s

grind  (ground)磨,磨碎,碾碎:grind wheat into flour

grip 抓紧,紧握:Fear gripped his heart

gross 总的,毛的:gross income

保证,保证书,保单:Wealth is no guarantee of


hail 欢呼,喝彩:The crowd hailed the actress with joy

halt (行进中的)暂停前进,中止,终止:The car came to a sudden halt

hamper 妨碍,阻碍:hamper sb from getting elected

handicap 障碍,不利条件:Poor eyesight is a handicap to a student

haste 急速,急忙,仓促,草率: Why all this haste?

hatch 孵,孵出:hatch (out) chickens

hazard 危险,危害物,危险之源:a life full of hazards

heal 治愈,愈合:heal the sick

heap (一)堆:a
big heap of books

hedge (矮树)树篱:a
quickset hedge

highlight 使显著,使突出:Growing economic problems were highlighted by
a slowdown in oil output

hinder妨碍,阻止:Bad weather hindered travel

hint 暗示:drop(give ,throw out)a hint

hoist 举起,升起,吊起:The war hoisted prices

hold 拿着,抓住:The girl is holding the baby in her arms

同种类的,同性质的,有相同特征的:homogeneous parts

horizon 地平(线):The sun has sunk below the horizon

hospital 好客的,殷勤的,热情友好的:be hospital to the homeless

hostile 敌人的,敌方的:a hostile army

humble 地位(或身份)低下的,卑贱的:a humble job

an hysterical outburst of fury


同一的:the same (very)identical menu

identify 识别,鉴别:He identified the coat as his brother’s

idle 闲散的,闲置的:idle money

ignite点燃,使燃烧:ignite a stove fire with scraps of paper

ignore 不顾,不理,忽视:He who ignores history is doomed to repeat it

illuminate 照明,照亮,解释,启发,启迪:The room was poorly illuminated by
one candle

illustrate (用图或例子)说明,阐明:A complicated rule can be illustrated by a simple example

immerse 使浸没:He immersed himself in the pool

immune免除的,豁免的:Nobody is immune from criticism

impact 冲击,撞击:the impact of light on the eye

impair 削弱,减少:The output of produce was impaired by the bad

公正的,无偏见的:A judge should be impartial

工具,器具,用具:new types of farm implements

impose 征(税),加(负担,惩罚等)于(on, upon):impose additional tax on business expansion

impulse 推动,驱动:give an impulse to the development of the friendly
relations between the two countries

inaccessible 达不到的:The two rocks at the top of the steep hill is
at first sight inaccessible

incline倾斜:The shaft inclines almost thirty degree

包含,吸收:His book incorporates his earlier

incur 招致,引起,遭受:incur sb’s displeasure(envy)

愤怒的,愤慨的:The actress was at the columnist’s
personal questions

必不可少的,必需的(to. for): Oxygen is indispensable to life

induce 引诱,劝使:Nothing will induce me to do that

infer (根据已知事实等)推断,推定(from):From his grades I inferred that he was a good

(人,头脑等)灵巧的,足智多谋的:an ingenious designer

initiate 开始,发起:initiate a conversation

innovate 革新,改革,创新(in,on/upon):innovate
on another’s creation

inquire 询问,打听:He inquired what the weather was likely to be

insert 插入,嵌入:In the pause he managed to inquire a question

inspire 鼓舞,激起:His speech inspires the crowd

instant 紧急的,急迫的,立即的,即刻的:be in instant need of help

学会,协会,学院,研究院:an institute for the blind

insulate 隔音,使隔绝(以免受到影响):We are not insulated from the real
world the way we were

insult 侮辱,辱骂:She insulted him by calling him a coward

insure 保险,给。。。保险:Every father should insure his life for the
sake of his wife and children

intact 完整无缺的,未经触动的,未受损伤的:an intact family

integrate使成一体,使合并(with, into):integrate
traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine

妨碍,冲突(with):Misty weather interfered with the contact

间歇的,断断续续的,周期性的:suffer from intermittent headaches

intervene 插入,介入:A week intervenes between Christmas and New
Year’s Day

错综复杂的,复杂精细的:A detective story usually has an
intricate plot

invert 使反向,使倒转,使颠倒:The magician inverted the bag to show it was

不考虑的,不顾的(of) :irrespective of consequences

irritate 激怒,使恼怒,使烦躁:be irritated by sb’s insolence


justify 证明。。。正当或有理,正确:Such
behavior is justified on these grounds


knit 编织,编结:She’s knitting her husband a sweater


label 标签,标记,标号:put labels on your luggage

lag 走得慢,落后,滞留:Some of the runners began to lag

latent 潜在的,隐伏的,不易觉察的:a latent infection

leak 漏洞,裂缝:The pipe has got a leak

lean 斜,倾斜 the Leaning tower of Pisa

lend 借给,贷款 Could you lend me your car

length 长,长度 What is the length of the street?

liable 会……的,有……倾向的 We are all liable to make mistakes

liberal 慷慨的,大方的 a liberal donation

light 光,光亮,光线 The house blazed with light

limp 软的,松沓的 a young man in a limp gray sweater

linger逗留,徘徊 The children lingered at the zoo until
closing time

long 长的,远的,久的 a long journey

使润滑 lubricate the skin with
cold cream

lump块,小方块 a lump of coal



magnet 磁铁,磁铁石 The pin was extracted with a magnet

magnify 放大,扩大 I want to magnify this picture

maintain 维持,保持 maintain law and order

发生功能障碍,发生障碍 If the computer malfunctions it
fails to work properly

maltreat 粗暴地对待,虐待 We’ll not intervene unless the children are
being physically maltreated

manifest 显然的,明了的manifest superiority

Mr. Smith manipulated the ivory chopsticks with great dexterity

mature 熟的,成熟的 a mature fruit

meet 遇见,碰到 He met her there by chance

melt 使融化,使熔化 The sun melted the snow

mend 修理,修补 mend clothes

merit 长处,优点,价值,功绩 merits and demerits

migrate 移居(尤指移居国外),迁移 migrate to another country

minimum 最低限度,最少量,最低点

minor 较小的,较少的,较不重要的

mislead 把……引错方向,把……引入歧途

moan 呻吟声,呜咽声 Each time she moved her leg she let out a ~ .

mobilize 动员 Our country’s in great danger, we must ~ the army.

mock 嘲笑,嘲弄 He had ~ed
her modest ambitions.

model 模型,原形 build airplane ~s

modify 修改,更改 ~a law

片刻的,瞬息的 a ~
feeling of fear

monitor (学校的)班长 a ~
in class 5.

mortgage 抵押(借款)He will have to ~ his land for a loan.

motion 动,运动the ~
of the planets

motive 动机,目的be proper in~

mount登上, 爬上~ the steps

multiply 乘,相乘~ 7 and 8

muscle 肌肉  facial

mutual 相互的, 彼此的 ~


narrate 叙述,讲述 ~ the story of sb’s life

nasty 龌龊的,肮脏的 a~

使成为必须,需要 The emergency ~d a change in plans.

必要(性),(迫切)需要 There is no ~  for

neglect 忽视,忽略 ~ one’s health

疏忽的,大意的 be ~
about traffic regulations

nominal 名义的,有名无实的 a ~

nominate 提名 a ~

noteworthy值得注意的,显著的a ~

臭名昭著的a ~

虽然,尽管 They traveled on,~ the storm

nourish养育Milk is all we need to ~our small baby 

numb 麻木的,失去感觉的 fingers ~
with cold


object 物体,事物 
cultural ~s

目的,宗旨 political ~s

oblige 强迫,迫使 In certain countries the law ~s parents to send their children to school

obscure 晦涩的,费解的 an ~

obsolete 废弃的,淘汰的 Wooden warships are ~.

顽固的,固执的,倔强的The girl would go her own way, in
spite of all warnings

occasion 时刻,场合They met on three ~s

occupy 占用,占有My books ~
a lot of space

occur 发生,存在,出现 when did the earthquake ~?

odd的奇数的,单的,奇怪的One ,three five are ~numbers

offend 冒犯,使生气        She
was afraid of ~ing anyone.

offence 犯法行为,过错 They were arrested for drug ~s.

offset 补偿,抵消They gains ~the

omit 省略,删去 Minor points may be omitted.

opaque 不透明的A brick wall is ~.


option 选择权 It is your ~
to take it or leave it

orient 东方,东方国家 political theory in the West and in the

origin 起源,由来 a word of Latin ~

ornament 装饰品,点缀品 We bought ~s
for the Christmas tree

orthodox 正统的,正宗的 an ~
economic theory

outline轮廓,外形 He saw the ~
of a house against the sky

overflow 泛滥 Every spring the river ~s

overhaul 大修,全面检查,彻底革新~ a faulty machine

overhear 偶然听到,偷听到I wouldn’t like to be ~d

overlap 重叠,部分相同 The Renaissance overlapped the later Middle

overtake 赶上,超过 He ran out of the door to ~ her

推翻,打倒 a plot to ~ the government

征服,压倒,毁坏 He took 45% of the ballots and ~ed his two main rivals


pace 步,步速,步伐 He took three ~s

pack 包,包裹 The climber carried some food in a ~ on his back

pad 垫,衬垫 a seat ~

pant 气喘,气喘吁吁地说话 He ~ed
along beside the bicycle

parallel 平行的 The road is ~
to the river

paralyze 使瘫痪,使麻痹 A stroke ~d
half his face

partial 偏向一方的,偏袒的,偏爱的 A parent should not be ~ to any one of his children

参与,参加,In a modern democracy people want
to ~ more fully

特殊的,特别的 a matter of ~ importance

pat (用掌或扁平物)轻拍,轻打She
patted a place next to her for me to sit down

patch 补钉,补片 patches at elbows of a jacket

patent 专利,专利权,专利品 take out a ~
for an invention

pattern 模范,榜样 set the ~

pave 铺路,铺砌,铺筑 ~ a road with concrete

peculiar 奇怪的,古怪的 He has always been a little ~

peel 削皮,剥皮 peel potatoes

穿透,渗入 The nail ~d the wood at least two inches

perceive 感知,感觉,觉察 He was only able to ~ light and color ;he could not see properly

perfect 完美的,理想的 a ~

perform 做,执行,完成~ an experiment

perfume 香水,香料,香气She loves French ~(s)

期刊,杂志 a ~

perish 卒,丧生~ from disease

永久的,永恒的,长期的 a ~
arms race

perplex 使困惑,使茫然 The question ~ed

虐待,残害,迫害 ~

透视画法,透视图 a lesson in drawing class on ~

悲观的 I am ~ about my chances of getting the job

petition 请愿,请愿书 get up a ~

pierce 刺入,刺穿,穿透 The thorn ~d
his heel

pile 一堆,一叠 a ~
of sand

pilot 飞行员,驾驶员

pin 大头针,别针

pinch 捏,拧,夹 I ~ed
myself to make sure I wasn’t dreaming

论点等貌似有理的 a ~

plead 恳求,请求 His parents ~ed
that he should be given one more chance

pledge 保证,誓言,誓约 fulfill one’s ~

plot 小块土地 a vegetable ~

plug 塞子,栓 He wears rubber ~s in his ears when he swims

plunge 猛地投入或插入 He ran to the edge of the swimming pool and ~d in

pocket 衣袋,口袋,袋子 a change ~

polish 擦光,擦亮 Polish your shoes with a brush

poll 民意测验 A recent ~
shows a change in public opinion

pool 水池,游泳池 a swimming ~

portable 便于携带的,手提式的,轻便的This little TV is extremely ~

pose 姿势,样子 The model was asked to adopt various ~s for the photographer

postpone 延迟,延缓,延期 We are postponing our trip until the weather
grows warmer

潜在的,可能的 That hole in the road is a ~ danger

pour 倒,注,灌,倾泻,涌流 He began to ~
with sweat

preach 讲道,布道 ~ to a packed church

preside 主持,主管(at, over) The vice chairman of the board
will ~ at today’s meeting

press 按,挤,压 ~ the bell

presume 推测,假定,假设 From the way they talked, I ~d them to be married

prevail 流行,盛行 This custom still ~s among members of the older generation

prey 被捕食的动物,捕获物 The lion seized its ~ and ate it

prick 一刺,一扎 The boy burst the balloon with a ~ of the needle

prime 首要的,主要的 a matter of ~

原始的,上古的,早期的 a ~

prior 在先的,在前的 Stop making public statements without their ~ approval here

特权,优惠,特免 In countries where there are
still not many schools, education is a ~

probe 探索,探查,调查 ~ the roots of  war

proceed (尤指停顿或打断后)继续进行 The train ~ed
at the same speed as before

process 过程,进程 the ~
of digestion

proclaim 宣告,宣布,声明 ~ war

produce 生产,制造 Canada ~s
wheat and furs

profit 利润,收益,红利 They made millions in ~s in last year

profound 很深的 a ~

prohibit 禁止 Tourist class passengers are ~ed from using the first class lounge

project 计划,方案 draw up a ~

prolong 延长,拉长,拖延 a means of ~ing

突起的,凸出的 a ~

prompt 敏捷的,迅速的 He is ~
on the job

发音 ~

propose提议,建议 When she was very ill ,her lawyer has ~d to her that she might like to make a will

prosper 兴旺,繁荣,昌盛,成功 His farm ~ed
through good management

provoke 挑动,激起,导致 He tried to ~
them into fighting

pump 泵 fill a bucket from the ~

pursue 追赶,追随,追求 He felt their eyes pursuing him

puzzle 难题,智力玩具,迷,迷惑 jigsaw ~


quality 质量,品级 merchandise of ~

quantity 数量,量 an increase in ~

quench 消除,平息,压制,扑灭 ~

queue一队人,一行列车 from a ~

quit 停止,放弃 It hasn’t ~
raining yet

quiver 颤抖,抖动 ~ with cold 

quote引用,引述,援引 She ~d
several verses to us


rack  架子,支架,搁架 a clothes ~

radiate(光,热等)辐射,发射 The sun ~s
light and heat

radical 根本的,基本的a ~

rake (长柄)耙,耙机,耙状物  an
oyster ~

rally 集合,团结 ~ public opinion in favor of
price controls

random胡乱的,任意的,随意的,a ~talk

range 排,行,一系列 a ~
of buildings

rank排,行,列 the ~s
of great pines

rate 比率,率 Velocity is the ~ of change of distance with respect to time

reap 收割,收获 ~ the rice in the field

rear 后部,后边,背部a garden at the ~ of the house

recall 回忆,回想I ~
seeing a poster on his wall

相互的,交互的 ~

reckon 计算,数 ~ the days till Christmas

reclaim 使改过,改造 ~ former criminals

recognize认出,识别 Dogs ~
people by their smell

回忆,想起 I am trying to ~ a forgotten address

He ~ed me for the post of headmaster

使和解,使和好After each fight they ate soon ~d

recover 追回,重新得到The police ~ed
stolen watch

recruit 招募(新兵)招收(新成员)try to ~300
men in two days

rectify纠正,改正,矫正 ~ the mistakes in a bill

refer 提到,谈到 Does the remark ~ to me

refine 提炼~ crude oil into various petroleum products

reform 改革,改良 He spend years trying to ~ the world

refresh 使恢复活力,使振作精神 Sleep ~es
the body

refute驳斥,驳倒 The argument cannot be d at the moments

regard 看待,认为,对待 I ~
the matter in this light

使恢复,使复兴,再生The human body can ~ hair, nails, etc

regulate管理,控制,为……制订规章 The policeman ~d
traffic at the intersection

reign 为王,统治In England ,the sovereign ~s but does not rule

增援,加强 They hope to ~ their domination in these countries

rejoice 使感到高兴,使充满喜悦 The whole nation ~ over the victory

relate 讲述,叙述 She ~d
the experience of a Chinese girl in the United States

relay 接力传送,传递  ~ a message

release 排放,释出 ~ a bomb from an aircraft

relevant 有关的,切题的I don’t think his remarks are ~ to our discussions

relieve 缓解,减轻,解除He smoked frequently to ~ nervous tension

remark 评论,议论 (on, upon) It would be rude to ~ upon her appearance

remedy 治疗,治疗法,药品 a folk ~

remember 记得,回想起,不忘记 I ~
reading that boo when I was eight

remind 提醒,使想起 I ~ed
him of his promise

remove 移开,挪走 ~ one’s eyes from the picture

render 使得,使成为 The blow ~ed
him unconscious

renew  更新,恢复,更换We feel totally ~ed
in body ,mind ,and spirit

renovate 修复,整修 ~ a two storey building

repel 击退,抵制,拒绝,排斥 ~
the enemy

repent 后悔,懊悔 ~of a thoughtless act

replace 代替,取代,更换The calculator is rapidly replacing the

represent  代表,象征To
many local people these castles ~
a hundred years of foreign domination

reproach 责备,指责,斥责 mute ~

rescue 营救,救援,搭救 ~ hostages held by the terrorists

resent 怨恨 ~ those unfair comments

reserve 保留,储备 We’ll the ticket for you till tomorrow noon

resign 辞职,引退 He ~ed
from his post

resolve 决定,打定注意要 Have you ~d
where to go next?

resort 求助,凭借,诉诸 ~ to sb for help

restore 恢复,修复,康复 The temple has been ~d out of all recognition

restrain 抑制,遏止 ~ one’s anger

resume 重新开始,继续 When I quit golf, I ~d writing

retain 保留,保持  ~the right to reply

reveal  揭示,揭露
I promise never to ~ his secret

revenge 报仇,复仇Man may destroy the balance of nature ,but
,from time to time, nature takes a terrible ~

reverse 相反的,颠倒的,倒退的a ~

revise 修订,校订 ~ a dictionary

revive 苏醒,复苏 He is dead and never will ~

ridiculous 可笑的,荒唐的,荒谬的 In this department of English girls
outnumber boys in a ~ ratio 

rigid 刚性的,坚硬的 a ~
piece of plastic

ripe 成熟的,时机成熟的 a ~
cluster of grapes

roll 滚动,滚落 Rocks were ~ing
down the hillside

rot 腐烂,腐坏,腐朽,腐败,腐化Meat may ~
if it is not refrigerated

The car has to take a ~
course to avoid the flood

rouse 惊起 The boat ~d
wild ducks to flight

row 吵闹,争吵 What’s all this ~ about?

rub 擦,摩擦 He rubbed his eyes

rush 冲,奔 ~ into the room

rust 锈,铁锈 Iron gathers ~easily

ruthless 无情的,残忍的,冷酷的  a~ enemy


sack  麻袋,纸袋,塑料袋 a ~of cement

sacred 神圣的the ~
name of God

献祭,供奉 a law banning the ~ of animals

salute 敬礼,祝贺 ~ one’s superior officer

scan 细看,审视 ~ the doctor’s face for a sign of

scare  惊吓,恐惧
The thunder ~d the children

scatter 撒,撒播~ corn for the chickens

schedule 时间表,进度表 a fight ~

scheme 计划,方案 He suggested several ~s to increase sales

scold  责骂,训斥
Dad ~ed me for coming home late

score  得分,比分,分数,成绩 At the end of first half there’s no ~

scorn 轻蔑,鄙视 He ~s

scrap 碎片,零屑 ~s of bread

scrape 刮,擦 ~one’s chin

scratch 抓,刮,擦 The cat ~ed
me with its claws

screen 屏,幕,帘 a folding ~

secure  安全的,可靠的,有把握的 a castle ~from attack

seek 寻找,探索 ~ shelter from the rain

seize 抓住,捉住The policeman ~d
him by the collar

sense 感官,官能 Sight ,hearing ,touch, taste, and smell are
the five ~s

sensible 明知的,合情理的 a ~

serve 服务,履行职责 He ~d
as an adviser to the company

set 放置 He set his hand on my shoulder

shade 荫,荫凉处The group of trees provide some ~ from the sun

sham假装,虚伪 Her illness was a ~ to gain sympathy

shame 羞耻,羞愧 flush with ~

shape 形状,外形  the ~ of sb’s face

share 一分,分额,一部分 They divided the money into equal ~s

shear 剪,修剪 ~ a lawn

shed 流 ~ one’s blood for one’s country

sheer 完全的,十足的  ~ nonsense

shelter 掩蔽处,躲避处  a bus

shield  盾,保护物,防御物 They piled more sand on top as a ~

shift  转移,移动
Don’t try to ~the blame onto me

shower  阵雨,阵雨般的东西 be caught in a hard ~

shrewd  机灵的,敏锐的,精明的 a ~ guess

signify  表示,表明,预示 ~ consent with a nod

simulate 假装,冒充 use tricks to ~

sit 坐,就坐 He was sitting over his coffee with a cigar

sketch  素描,速写
make a ~ of a face in pencil

slack  不紧的,不严的 a ~ soft rope

slender 苗条的,修长的,细长的She is ~
and has long dark hair

slide 滑行,滑动,滑落 The drawers of my desk ~ in and out easily

Regular exercise will make you slimmer

slip  滑倒,滑落,滑行 She ~ed on the wet stones and fell

slit 切开,撕开  ~ the envelope open

slope  倾斜,有坡度 The ground ~s down sharply at this point

sly  狡猾的,偷偷的 a ~answer

smart 聪明的,精明的  Smart
students talk earlier than the average

smash 打碎,打破,摧毁 The ball ~ed
the window

smooth  平滑的,光滑的~ skin

snatch 夺得,一把抓住 The thief ~ed
her handbag and ran off

snob 势力的人,谄上欺下的人  a ~ of the first water

soak 湿透,浸湿,浸泡 You shouldn’t have gone out in the rain-your clothes are ~ing

sober 未醉的 A driver must stay ~

soil 泥土,土壤The ~here
is very fertile

老于世故的 a young man quite ~ for his age

sore 痛的,痛苦的,痛心的touch sb on a ~

sort 种类,类别 He is not the ~
of man to do such a cruel thing

sound 健康的,健全的,完好的 a ~body
in a ~ mind

sour 酸的,酸味的 ~pickles

sow 播种 This plot of land was sown with maize

spare 多余的,剩下的have no ~

spark 火花,火星 The firework burst into a shower of ~s

sparkle 发光,闪耀 Her eyes were sparkling with anger

specify 具体指定,详细说明 They have specified the amount as 700,000

景象,奇观,壮观,场面 The burning house was a terrible ~

推测,推断 I cannot ~ on their motives for doing this

spill 溢出,溅出 The ship ~ed
oil while in port

spin 纺制  ~ cotton into yarn

spit 吐出 He was ~ting
out the husks of sunflower seeds on the floor

splash 溅泼A passing car ~ed
my dress

split 劈开,切开,裂开 ~ the firewood with an axe

spoil 损坏,毁掉 It would ~
my reputation

sponsor  发起者,主办者,保证人,赞助者the ~ of the annual Christmas parade

spot斑点,污点  a
blue tie with ~s

spray  浪花,水花
The new shower heads reduce ~
and waste less water

sprout 抽条,发芽,长出 The seeds we planted finally ~ed

spur 靴刺,踢马刺a pair of ~s

squeeze 榨,挤 ~ juice from oranges

stab 刺,戳,猛的一击,突发的一阵 a ~
of anxiety

stack整齐的一叠 a ~
of bills

staff 全体职员,全体雇员  The
company has got a ~ of about 40

stain 玷污,污染 His shirt was ~ed
with blood

stale 食品等不新鲜的,走味的 These old peanuts taste ~

stall 牛舍

stamp 邮票 put a ~
on a letter

start 开始,动手 I’ve got so many things to do,I don’t know
where to ~

startle 惊吓,使吃惊 The horse ~s

starve 使挨饿,饿死 Many live in luxury while others are starving

station 车站 at Victoria Station

固定的,静止的,非流动的 ~

statistics  统计,统计资料 The recent ~ on marriage are interesting

steer 掌舵,驾驶 ~ a car through the entrance

stern 严厉的,苛刻的 a ~

stick 棍,棒,手杖 Grandfather walks with a ~

刺激,促使 ~
economic growth

sting刺,螫,叮  A bee
stung him on the neck

stir 使微动,移动 A breeze ~red
my hair

stitch 一针,针脚 Make your ~es
closer together

stock  原料,备料,库存,现货 Rags are used as a ~
for making paper

stoop 俯身,弯腰She ~ed
to pick up her fan

storm 风暴,暴风雨,暴风雪 A ~

一直向前的,直接的 a ~
business transaction

strain 拉紧,绷紧 If you ~
the elastic any more, it will break

strap 带,皮带 silks ~s

stream 小河,溪流 on the banks of a ~

strength 力量,力气,活力,效力 the economic ~
of a nation

stress压力,紧张 Not all of us can cope with the ~es of modern life

stretch 伸直,伸长 He yawned and ~ed

stride阔步前进,大踏步走He strode to the platform

strike 打击,撞  A
stone struck me on the head

string 细绳,线,带 She took the parcel and started to undo the

strip 剥去,除去 The wind stripped the tree of all its leaves

strive 努力,奋力,力求~ towards a goal

stroke 敲,打,鸣 drive in a nail with one ~ of the hammer

stubborn 顽固的,倔强的 The ~
boy refused to listen to his parents’advice

stuff 原料,材料,物品,东西 He has got all the ~ ready for building his new house

subject 题目,主题 the ~
for a debate

submerge 浸没,淹没,湮没 The stream overflowed and ~d the farmland

submit 屈服,服从,投降 ~ to foreign pressure

下级的 In the army ,captains are ~ to majors

物质,实质 the ~ of pre-school education

代替者,代替物 He is the doctor’s ~ during holidays times

subtle 微妙的,巧妙的 His whole attitude has undergone a ~ change

subtract 减,减去 Subtract 4 from 10 you get 6

连续,一系列 a ~
of debates

suck 吸,A large mosquito was sucking blood from the
back of her hand

sue 控告,起诉 ~ sb for slander

summary 总结,概要 This book has a ~ at the end of each chapter

superb 极好的,一流的,杰出的 ~
science and engineering

表面的 a ~resemblance

superfluous过多的,剩余的,多余的a ~remark

监督,管理,指导 ~
sb’s every move

supplement增补,补充 a ~
to wages

suppress压制,镇压 ~human rights

supreme最高的,至上的 a ~

surpass超过,优于,强于,胜过 ~
advanced world

surplus过剩,剩余 a teacher ~

survey调查~ population growth in the southern provinces

survive 幸存,幸免于Only two people ~d the fire

suspect 怀疑 He ~ed
a plot against his life

sustain支撑,承受The fountains were not strong enough to ~ the weight of the house

swallow 吞,咽 ~ one’s food

swarm 蜂群 

sway摇摆 a tree ~ing
gently in the breeze

swear宣誓,发誓 ~ on  a Bible to observe secrecy

swell 膨胀,鼓起 A tire ~s
as it is filled with air

swing 摇摆,摇荡 ~ a baby in the cradle

sympathy 同情心,慰问 a man of wide sympathies

synchronize使同步,使结合,使协调 Their steps ~d


taboo 禁忌,忌讳Movies producers
attempted to break down all the ~s

tackle 用具,装备 shaving ~

tailor 裁缝 go to the ~’s

talk 讲话,谈话 Is your baby talking yet?

tame 驯化的,驯服的,温顺的 ~animails

tan棕黄色,黄褐色 buy some shoes in tan

tax 税(款)Half of his wages go in tax

tear 撕开,撕裂tear open an envelope

tease 戏弄,取笑 The boy is teasing the cat

tedious 单调乏味的,冗长的,罗嗦的a ~

temper 心情,脾气 be in a good~

tempt 引诱,诱惑 Nothing could ~
me to do such a thing

tend 趋向,倾向 Interest rates are ~ing upwards

tender 嫩的 a ~
piece of meat

试验性的,试探性的,暂时的,推测的 a ~plan

term 学期 the spring ~

停止,结束,使终止 ~
a contract

terrify 使害怕,使惊吓 She was terrified out of her wits

testify 作证,证明 He agreed to ~
on behalf of the accused man

thermal 热的,由热造成的 ~burns

thirst  渴,口渴
The heat creates a ~ in me like I’ve never had before

thread 线,线状物 cotton ~

thrill 使非常兴奋,使非常激动 It’s a sight that never fails to ~ me

thrive 兴旺发达,繁荣 His business is thriving

thrust 推,刺,戳,插,挤He was ~
into power

tick (钟声等发出的)滴答声

tidy 整洁的,整齐的a ~

tilt 使倾斜,使倾倒 Tilt your head back so that I can look down
your throat

time 时间,时刻,时候 ~ and space

tip 末端,尖端 the tips of the fingers

toast 烤面包,吐司 two slices of ~

token 表示,标志,象征He did that as a ~ of good faith

torture 拷打,拷问 ~ a confession from a prisoner

toss 扔,抛,掷 The children tossed the ball to each other

tough 坚韧的,牢固的 Some plastic are as ~ as metal

tow 拖,拉,牵引 tow a damaged ship into port

tower 塔,塔楼,高楼 a television ~

trace 痕迹,踪迹 The wound healed, leaving almost no ~ of a scar

track足迹,踪迹~s in the snow

tragedy 悲剧 Hamlet is one of
shakespeare’s best known tragedies

trail 痕迹,足迹 a ~
of destruction left by the violence

tramp 步行,跋涉 He loves ~ing
over the hills

transfer 转移,调动 the company has transferred to an eastern

变形,改观 ~
a hotel into a hospital

短暂的,转瞬即逝的 ~

transmit 播送,发射 ~ a match live

透明的 Glass is ~

移植,移种,移居 ~
a human heart into a patient

treasure 财宝,财富 dig for buried ~

trend 倾向,趋势an upward ~
of prices

trick 诡计,骗局 He got the money by a ~

trifle 琐事,小事 One should not get angry about such a ~

trim 整齐的,整洁的 ~ lawns

trip 旅行,旅游 a ~
round the world

triple 三倍的,三重的,三部分的,三方的Black unemployment rate runs ~ the figure for whites

triumph 胜利 a ~
over the enemy

trivial 琐碎的,不重要的,无价值的 ~

tuck 夹入,藏入 He ~ed
the letter in a book so he wouldn’t lose it

tug (用力)拖或拉He tugged the door but it wouldn’t open

tumble 跌到,滚下The baby is just learning to walk and he’s
always tumbling over

tune 曲调,曲子 She wrote the words of the song and her
brother wrote the ~

骚乱的,动荡的,混乱的,狂暴的a ~

turn 转动,旋转Turn the hands of the clock until they point
to 9 O’clock

tutor 家庭教师,指导教师 When the students are making their choices,
their ~ may well guide them

twinkle 闪烁,闪耀,闪亮 The diamond on her finger ~d in the firelight

twist 捻,搓,绞,拧 ~ a rope out of threads


ultimate 最后的,最终的 The war ended for us in ~ victory

unanimous 全体一致的,一致同意的 They are ~
in asking for a rise in pay

uncover 揭开,揭露 ~ a dish of food

underestimate 低估 ~ the difficulties of the task

undergo 经历,遭受,忍受 ~ much suffering

underline 在……下划线,强调 Please translate the ~d sentences in the passage

underlie 位于……之下 Many facts ~
my decision

undermine 在……下挖 ~ a wall

undertake 着手做, 从事 ~
an attack

undesirable 不合意的,不受欢迎的 The drug has ~
side effects

uneasy 心神不宁的,不安宁的 be ~uneasy
about the future

unfold 展开,打开  ~ a newspaper

uniform 不变的,相同的,均匀,统一的 a ~

unify 使成一体,统一 become a unified nation

update 更新,使现代化 ~a textbook

upgrade 提高,使升级,改善 ~
products and services

uphold 举起,高举 He upheld his clenched hand

upright 挺直的,垂直的 an ~

uproar 骚乱,骚动The public ~
over unclear-radiation hazards continues to mount

upset 弄翻,打翻 I’ve ~
a tin of paint on the carpet

up-to-date 时新的,新式的,现代化的They are ~
on recent developments in the world computer industry

urge 推进,鼓励 The president ,~d on by his staff, has decided to attend the

urgent 紧迫的,紧要的 He left the country on ~ business

utilize 利用 ~ solar energy

utter 发出(声音等),说,吐露 ~
the truth


vacant 未被占用的 a ~
seat in a bus

vague  含糊的,不明确的,模糊的 a ~ answer

vain 徒劳的,无效的 ~ efforts

valid 有根据的 a ~

value 价值 I was offered 50 pounds for my old car but
its ~ is much higher

vanish 突然消失,逐渐消散 With a wave of his hand, the magician made
the rabbit

veil 面纱,面罩 Jewish women wore ~s in token of reverence and submission

使通风,使空气流通 ~
a room

venture 冒险,冒险行动,投机行动take a ~
in oil

verge 边,边缘,边沿 the ~
of a stream

verify 证明,证实Subsequent events verified my suspicions

多才多艺的 a ~

versus 诉讼,竞赛等中以……为对手 The match tonight is China ~ Japan

vertical 垂直的,立式的 a ~

veto 否决,否决权,否决权的行使 The rest of the committee
could not  accept the

vibrate 使震动,使摆动 His heavy footsteps upstairs made the old
house ~

vicious 邪恶的,恶毒的,凶残的 lead a ~

vigor 体力,精力,活力 in the ~
of manhood

violate 违反,违背 ~ the traffic regulations

virtual 实际上的,事实上的 the ~
manager of the business

virtue 美德,德行 Among her many ~s are loyalty ,courage, and  truthfulness

visible 看得见的,可见的 a ship barely ~
on the horizon

vision 视力,视觉 ~ care

vital 有生命力的 The heart is a ~ organ

vivid 鲜艳的 the ~
green of leaves in spring

void 空的 a ~

志愿者,自愿参加者 Are there any ~s for a swim?

vote 投票,表决 bring sth to a vote


wage 工资,报酬 What is your weekly ~?

wake 醒来,醒着,唤醒 He spends all his waking hours working

waken 醒来,睡醒He wakened when the alarm sounded

wander 漫步,徘徊 He ~ed

ward 病房 a 4-bed ~

warrant 授权,批准,正当理由,根据 He had no ~
for his action

不透水的,防水的 ~

way 方法,方式 Do it your own way

wear 穿,戴 ~ diamonds

weary 疲倦的,疲劳的 a ~

weave 织,编,编制 ~ cloth

wedge 楔子,三角木 Please put a ~
in the door so that it will stay open

weed 杂草,野草My garden is running to ~s

weep 哭泣,流泪 ~ for one’s failure

weigh 称……重量,称~ oneself on the scales

weld 焊接,煅接 It takes speed to ~ steel at this heat

whirl 旋转,急转 The couples ~ed
round the dance floor

whisper 低语,耳语,轻声说 ~
to sb

whistle 吹口哨,鸣笛 The train ~d


有益于健康的 ~

wicked 坏的,邪恶的,淘气的,恶作剧的 ~

wind 绕,缠The snake wound around a branch

wire 金属丝,金属线steel ~

withdraw  抽回,收回,提取 She withdrew her eyes from the terrible sight

withhold 使停止,阻挡 be obliged to ~
one’s pen

经受,承受 ~hardships

witness 目击者,见证人a ~
of the accident

wonder 奇迹 the Seven Wonders of the World in ancient

worship 崇拜,崇敬 the ~
of the dollar

worth  值……钱a  house ~
50,000 pounds

wrap 包,裹  ~ oneself in a blanket

wreck 失事,遇难 a train ~

wrench 扳手 He is a ~

wrinkle 皱,皱纹 He will wore the ~s of anxiety on his forehead.

write 写,写字,写信,写作 She ~s
to me every other week.

Xerox 静电复印(法),静电复印件,静电复印机 Make me a ~ of this report.


yield 生产,产生,带来 This orchard ~s
apples and pears.


zeal 热心,热忱,热情 a man of ~

zigzag之字形的,弯曲的  a ~ road

zone 地带,分布带 a danger ~

第二部分 英语词汇扩充小结

   英语词汇浩瀚如海,如何记忆单词,扩大词汇量一直是英语学习者面对的一大难题。本单元介绍的构词知识—— 词缀,是掌握记忆单词的一个重要环节。牢记词根可以起到举一反三的效果。


1. 常用前缀

ab-  相反,不                    如:abnormal 反常的

anti- 反对,反抗                  如:antibody 抗体    anti-Japanese  抗日的

auto- 自动,自己                 如:automatic
autobiography 自传

bene- 善,好                     如:benefit 好处  benevolent 仁慈的

by- 侧,次要,非正式的         
如:byproduct 副产品

col-, com-, con-, cor- 共同       如:cooperation
contract  合同

correspond 通信

de- 否定,除去,非              
如:decompose 分解

dif-, di-
分开,否定               如:differ

dis- 不,相反                     如:disprove 不赞成

ex- 出,外                       如: export 出口  exclude 排斥

extra- 超过,超越                 如:extraordinary

fore- 预先,先前                  如: forecast 预报

il- 表示否定意义                  如:illegal 不合法的   illogical 不合逻辑的

im-, in- 表示否定意义             
如:incorrect 不正确的 
impatient 不耐烦的

inter- 在—-之间,相互             如:international
国际的 interact  相互作用

ir- 表示否定意义                  如:irregular 不规则的

kilo- 千                          如:kilogram 千克   kilowatt 千瓦

micro- 微                        如:microeconomic 微观经济学  microphone 麦克风

mini-  微小                      如:miniskirt 超短裙

mis-  误,坏                     如:mistake  
misguide 误导

over-  在—-上,超出,压倒       
如:overhead 头顶的  
overcome 克服

per- 十分, 完全                  如:perfect 完美的

post- 在后,随后                 如:postwar
postpone 推迟

pro- 向前,代理                   如:progress 进步     pronoun 代词

re- 恢复,再,反对                如:redo
recall 回忆 
retreat 撤退

se- 分开,分离                    如::separate
select 选出

semi-  半,部分                   如:semifinal 半决赛

sub-  下,在下,其次              如:
subway 地道  
submarine 水下的

super- 超级                       如: supermarket 超市  superman 超人

tele-  远的                        如:telephone 电话  telescope 望远镜

tran-  转移,转化            如:
transform 改变   
transport 运输

un-  表示否定意义                 如:uncommon 不平凡的  unconscious 无意识的

under- 在—之下,低于             如:underline
underground 地下的

up- 向上,在上                    如:uphold 高举    upright 垂直的

with- 向后,阻止                  如: 
withdraw 取回,收回  
withhold 抑制,阻止

2. 常用后缀

(n.)  可—性                 如:readability

(ad.) 能—的,可—的          
如:admire—admirable 令人羡慕的

(ad.) —地                           如:reason—reasonably 有理地

-al (a.) 有—的特性
(n.) 表示行为,状况     如:addition—additional

arrive—arrival 到达

(n.) 表示性质,状态 
              如:nation—nationality 国籍 民族

(n.) 表示性质,状态,行为          如:ally—alliance

assist—-assistance 帮助

-ant (a.)
有—性质的 (n.)—的人        
如:attend—attendant 出席者  

(n.)  表示人                          如:beg—beggar 乞丐

(n.) —的人                         如:library—librarian 图书馆管理员

-ary (a.)
有—性质的                      如:revolution—revolutionary革命的

-ate (v.)
使成为 (a.) 具有—的
(n.)  人      如:activate
使活动 graduate 毕业生

accurate 精确的

(n.) 表示状态,情况                 如:alter—alteration

(a.)  有—性质的                    如:compare—comparative 比较的

(n.)  表示性质,状态                  如:bankrupt—bankruptcy 破产

(n.)  表示性质,状态,领域          如:free—freedom 自由

king—kingdom 王国

(n.)  表示人                         如:engine—engineer 工程师  

volunteer 志愿者

(v.)  使成为                          如:deaf—deafen 便聋 

sharp—sharpen 削尖

-ence ,
ency (n.) 表示性质,状态,行为      如:emergency
dependence 依靠

-ent (a.)
(n .) 表示人物 
       如:confident 自信的    patient 患者

(n.)   表人物                         如:teach—teacher      bank—banker

(n.)   表示地点,场所                如:nurse—nursery 托儿所

(n.)   雌性                          如:act—actress 女演员    host—hostess 女主人

-ety(n.)  表性质,情况                    如:anxiety 忧虑    variety 种类繁多

(a.)  充满的,有—性质的             
如:delight—delightful 令人高兴的

help—helpful 有帮组的

-fy ,-efy
, -ify (v.)  使变成                  如:class—classify 分类  
satisfy 使满意

-hood(n.)  表示时期,状态,资格           如:child—childhood

man—manhood 男子气概

(a.)  —的
(n.) 表示人物                如:atom—atomic

mechanic 机修工

(a.)  —的                           如:history—historical 历史上的

(n.)  表示情况,性质,行为等          如:serve—service 服务

-ics (n.)  表示理论,学说                  如:electron—electronics 电子学

-ier(n.)   从事某一工作的人                如:cashier 出纳员

(n.)  表示情况,状态                  如:dictate—dictation 听写  

act—action 行为

(a.)  有—性质的                     如:vary—various 各种各样的   

labor—laborious 勤劳的

(a.)  似—的                          如:self—selfish 自私的  

fool—foolish 愚蠢的

-ist (a.)表示—主义或信仰              
如: social—socialist  社会主义

natural—naturalist 自然主义者

(a.)  有—的性质                      如:attract—attractive 有吸引力的

(n.) 表示人或物                      如:detect—detective  侦探

(n.)   表示性质,状态,—性          如:act—activity

product—productivity 生产力

(n.) –ation (n.) 组成,行为,—-化    如:modern—modernization

-ize (v.) 表示使—化                       如:standard—standardize

(a.) 无—的,不—的                      如: hope—hopeless 没希望的

-logical (a.)  —–学,—-的研究                如:zoology—zoological

technology—technological 工艺的

(n.)  表示行为,过程,机构             如:agree—agreement 同意

adjust—adjustment 调整

(a.)  表示最—的                       如:foremost 最先的

(n.)  表示性质,状态                    如:blind—blindness 失明    

firm—firmness 坚定

(n.)  表示人物                           如:edit—editor 编辑

-ous (a.)  有—性质的                        如:danger—dangerous  危险的

-ship (n.)  表示关系,资格                    如:friend—friendship 友谊   

member—membership 会员资格

-ward (a.
/ ad.)  向—方向的(地)            
如:forward 向前    
backward 向后

(ad.) 表示方向,方式                   如:
clock—clockwise 顺时针方向地

-y (a.)
—的,多—的  (n.) 性质,情况          如:rain—rainy

wind—windy 刮风的   

discover—discovery 发现 

honest—honesty 诚实

第三部分  词汇与搭配集锦


1. 常用动词固定搭配

 abide by              遵守(法律、诺言、决定等),坚持(意见)

 abound in             富有

abstain from           戒绝,避免

accuse sb of           指责

account for            占,说明,解释

act for                代表

act on                实行,其作用

adapt to              适应

adhere to             坚持

admit to              承认

on / with         同意(某事)/ (某人)

for             考虑到

to             符合,适合

of            赞成 

 arrive at / in           到达(某地)

with         联合,联系

sb of           使放心

to             专心,留意

up              支持,倒退

down            放弃,退却

from           得益于

sb for sth        因某事而责备某人

belong to              属于

away (from)      脱离,逃脱

down            损坏,瓦解,崩溃

in (on)           强行进入,打断,插嘴

into             闯入

off              中止,中断

out              逃出,爆发

through           突围,突破

up               中止,结束,打碎,拆散

 bring about             带来,引起

 bring around            改变主意

 bring back              归还,带回

 bring down             击落,打倒,降低

 bring forth              产生,提出

 bring forward            提议

 bring out                出版,使显出

to                 使恢复知觉

up                培养,抚养

at                  访问,拜访(某处)

for                 邀请,要求,需要

call forth                唤起,引起,振作起,鼓起

off                 放弃,取消

call on
/ upon            访问,拜访(某人),号召,呼吁

up                 召集,动员,打电话,使人想起

away              激动(常用被动)

back               唤起回忆

off                致死,赢得

on                 继续

out                实现,完成

through            实现,完成,帮助某人渡过难关

across             偶然碰到,偶然发现

away              断裂,脱落

by                获得

down              传给,降价

in                 进来,流行

off                发生,举行,脱落,停止表演

on                 快点,出现,出场,开始,进展

out                出版,出现,结果是

round              苏醒,复原

through             经历,脱险

to                  总计,苏醒

up                 走进,上来,发生

come up
to               符合,达到

come up
with             提出,提供

across                抄近路,走捷径

back                  消减,减少

down (on)             消减,降低

in                    打断,插话

off                   切断,阻碍

out                   删除,停止

drop by
/ in               顺便拜访

off                  减弱,减少

out                  退出

back to               求助,转而依靠于

behind                拖欠,落后

fall in
with                与—–一致

out                   争吵,解散

through               落空,失败

off                   从—–上落下

across                 解释清楚,使人明白

along / on with          进展,过的

at                     够得着,理解

away                  逃脱,离开

by                    通过,经过

down                 写下

down to               开始,着手

in                    进入,收获,收回

into                   进入,陷入

off                    从—–下来,动身,起身

get out
of                  逃避,改掉

over                   克服,痊愈

get rid
of                  除掉,摆脱

through                结束,完成,接通电话,度过(时间)

together                集合,聚集

away                 泄漏,分送

back                  送还,恢复

in                    交上,投降,屈服

off                   放出(蒸汽,光),释放

out                   分发,放出(气味,热)

rise to                 引起,使发生

up                    停止,使放弃

way to                 给—–让路,被—–代替

 go after                    追求

 go ahead                   开始,前进

 go along with               陪同前往

around                  足够分配,流传

 go back on                 违背

by                    (时间)过去,遵循,凭—–判断

 go down                   下降,被载入

 go for                     追求,喜爱,适用于

 go in for                   从事,致力于,沉湎于

 go into                     进入,研究,调查

 go off                     爆炸,进行,动身,离开

 go out                     熄灭,外出,过时

 go over                    复习,检查

 go through                 遭受,经历,仔细检查

 go with                    伴随,与—–协调

 go without                 没有—–而将就对付

 hand down                  流传下来,往下传

 hand in                     上交,递交

on                     传下来,依次传递

out                    分发,分给

 hand over                   移交,让与

 hold back                   抑制,阻止

 hold on                     继续,握住不放

 hold out                     维持,坚持,支持

 hold on to                   紧紧抓住,坚持

 hold up                     举起,阻挡,延迟,抢劫

 keep back      

 keep down                  压制,镇压,压低(声音)

off                    不接近,避开

on                     继续,保持

 keep to                     坚持,遵守

 keep up                     保持,维持,继续进行

keep up
with                 跟上,向—–看齐

aside                    放一边,储蓄

down                    放下,制定

off                     (临时)解雇,停止工作(休息)

out                      摆开,布置,设计,制定

along                     更不用说

down                     放下,降低,使失望

let go
(of)                    放开,松手

off                       宽恕,免除

out                       放掉,发出

 live by                      靠—–生活,

 live on                      以—–为主食

 live through                  度过,经受住

 live up to                    做到,不辜负

 look after                    照料,照看,关心

 look at                      看,看待

 look back                    回头看,回顾

 look down on                 请示,看不起

 look for                     寻找,寻求

 look forward to               盼望,期望

 look in                      顺便拜访

into                     调查,窥视

 look on                      旁观,观看

 look out                     留神,注意,提防

 look over                    把—-看一边,察看

 look up                      查阅,查考

 make for                     走向,有利于

out                     写出,辨出,理解

up                     组成,构成,编造,化妆,补充,和好

make up
for                  弥补,偿还

back                     偿还,回报

for                      支付,付出代价

off                      还清(债务),取得成功

out                     挑选,辨认

up                      拾起,搭车,学会

pull down                    拆毁,拉倒,拉下,降低

in                     (车)停下,进站,(船)靠岸

out                      拔出,取出,(车)驶出

up                      (使)停下

across / over               解释清楚,说明

aside                     储存,保留

down                     放下,记下,镇压,平定

forward                   提出

in                        驶进

off                       推迟

on                        穿上,上演,增加(体重)

up                        建造,搭起,张贴,提供食宿,提价

put up
with                    容忍,忍受

across                     跑着穿过,偶然碰见

away                      私奔,失去控制

away with                  带(某人)私奔,轻易接受(意见)

down                      跑下,人精疲力竭,撞倒,贬低

into                       跑进,使撞,偶然碰见,使陷入

out                       用完,伸向,流出

over                      碾过,浏览

through                    跑着穿过,贯穿,浏览

run up
to                      跑到,(物价)高涨到—-

off                        给—–送行

through                    看穿,识破,干完

to                         负责,照料

about                       开始,着手

aside                       留出,把—-搁置在一边,驳回

at                          袭击

back                        把(钟表)往回拨,延缓,阻碍

down                       卸下,使着陆,记下

in                          到来,开始,缝上

off                         出发,动身,引起,使发生

out                         出发,陈列,陈述,企图

up                          建立,树立

in                        领入

off                       炫耀,卖弄

up                       揭穿,露出,(口)出席,到场

by                       支持,站在一边,袖手旁观

for                       是—-的缩写,代表,意味着

out                       清晰地显处,醒目

up for                     维护,支持

after                      (外貌)相像

back                       收回,使回想起—

—for                       以为,误认为

take from                       减少,减损,降低

in                         接待,吸收,领会,欺骗,包含,改小(尺寸)

off                        把—-带往,起飞,脱下,取笑(通过模仿)

on                         雇佣,承担,呈现

over                       接管,接受,接任

to                         开始从事于,养成—-的习惯,沉湎于

up                         拿起,着手处理,吸收(水分),占据(时间)

aside                       避开,偏离,使转变方向

away                       离开,转过脸去,解雇,防止(灾祸)

(away) from                 对——感到厌恶

back                       停止前进,折回

in                          拐入,上缴,上床睡觉

into                        进入,变成,使成为

off                         关,避开(问题),解雇,生产

on                         开,把——指向,对—-发怒

out                         结果是,证明是,制造,生产

over                        使打翻,交给,反复考虑

up                          出现,被找到,翘起,来到


care for / about                     关心,担心,计较(用于否定或疑问句)

check upon / up                    检查,检验

check out                         办理付账及退房后手续

clear up                           整理,收拾,天气变清

collide with                        冲突,碰撞

conform to                         遵守(规则等)

cope with                               处理,应付

cover up                          掩盖(错误、非法自之事)

cross out                          取消,删去

cut across / along / through           穿过(某地)

destined to do sth / for sth            命定,注定做某事

die down                          逐渐消失,平息

die out                          (习俗等)渐渐消失

direct at                           针对

dispose of                           处置,处理,舍弃

double sb. Up                      使躬身,使弯腰

dwell on / upon                     细想,详述

dwell at / in                        住,留居

excuse from                        使免除责任

feed into                           提供原料

fill in (for sb. )                      临时替换,补缺

flare up                            突然发怒,突然烧起来

give sb. sth. away                   出卖,泄漏

give oneself up (to sb. )               投案,自首

go along with                       相处得—-,赞同,同意

go for                               适用,喜欢,支持

go under                           下沉,失败

hang back (from sth. )                 踌躇,犹豫

head for                            ——前进

impose on                            —–强加于某人

knock out                                击倒,击晕

let loose                           释放,放开

participate in                       参加

pass off                            (药效,疼痛等)停止

preside over                         主持,长官

prey on                             捕获,捕食

result in                            导致,结果

run for                             竞选

run out                             用完,耗尽

see about sth. / doing sth.              办完,办理

set out to do sth.                     开始做某事

smooth over                        使(问题)缓解

snap at                             厉声斥责

stand up to                          经得起考验

step in                              介入,干预

stick sth. out                       坚持到底,忍受

subject sth./sb. to                    使服从,使遭受

switch on                                接通(电流),开(电器)

talk into                           说服

talk over                           商量,商讨

touch up                           修改,改进


absence from                       缺席

accent on                          着重

admission to                        许可,准许

application for                            申请

application to                       应用到

arouse sb.’ s curiosity about sth.        激起某人的兴趣

approach to                          接近,来临

attach importance to                  重视

be in (out of) contact with             —-接触(失去联系)

be out of balance                    不平衡

be friend(s) with                     —–保持友好

be in (out of) harmony with            —-一致(不一致)

bear responsibility for                 —-负责

break a promise                     违背诺言

bring / put into operation              实施,使生效

bring shame on oneself                     给某人带来羞辱

bring sth. to sb’s notice               使某人注意—–

bring/call to mind                    想起

bring to a halt                       使停止

bring into action                     采取行动

catch one’s breath                       喘息

call down / lay a curse upon sb.            诅咒某人

cast a shadow over                      蒙上阴影

catch at shadows                        捕风捉影

catch sb’s eye                          引人注目

catch fire                             着火,烧着

catch / get a glimpse of                  —-瞥一眼

catch sight of                          看见

come to sb’s knowledge                  被某人知道

come to sb’s notice                      引起某人的注意

come to a point                         到紧要关头

come /go into effect                     实施,生效

come into a fortune                      继承一笔财产

come into fashion                       开始流行

come to a halt                          停止

combination with                        ——结合

commander in chief                      总司令

communication with                     —–交流,与—-通信

commit a crime                          犯罪

commit / make an error                   犯错误

come into possession of sth.                占有某物

come / go into operation                   实行,生效

come to one’s senses                       恢复理性,苏醒过来

come to / arrive at a decision                做出决定  

come to / arrive at an agreement with         ——-达成一致

reach / make an agreement with             ——-达成一致

come to sb.’s assistance                          帮助某人

complaint about/of                        ——抱怨

competition with / against sb.                与某人竞争

do a threat to                             —-有威胁

do damage to                             损害——

do/try one’s best                          尽力,努力

do sb. harm,                             伤害某人

do one’s share for sth.                     —-贡献自己的力量

draw a clear distinction between              区分,分清

draw/reach/come to/arrive at a conclusion      得出结论

drive sb. to despair                        使某人绝望

entrance to                               —–的入口,进入

enjoy privileges                           享有特权

express one’s satisfaction at / with            —–表示满意

express sympathy for/ with sb.               对某人表示慰问

express one’s gratitude to sb. for sth.          为某事尔感谢某人

fall in love with                           爱上

fall into temptation                        受诱惑

farewell to                              —–永别,不会再

feel sympathy for sb.                       同情某人

find fault (with)                          找岔,抱怨

follow the fashion                        赶时髦

follow / tread in sb.’s steps                 踏着某人的足迹

gain / have an advantage over                 

get command of                          控制

get hold of                              抓住

get into trouble                            陷入困境

get / go / fly into a temper                  发脾气

give / extend assistance to sb.                    给某人帮助

give a description of                       描述

give (accept) a challenge                    挑(应)战

give / show evidence{s) of                  —–的迹象

give no evidence of                        没有—–的迹

give one’s regards to sb.                     向某人致敬

give way to                               让步,让路

go out of fashion                          过时,不再流行

go shares                                分享,分担

grant sb. the privilege of doing sth.            赋予某人做某事的特权

have access to                                   有权使用,有权利用

have a talk with sb.                             与某人交谈

have an influence on/upon                  有影响

have a preference for                      偏爱—–

have a preference of sth. to/over             喜爱某物胜过—–

have a prejudice against sb.                 对某人有偏见

have / run a temperature                        发烧

have authority over                       —-有权利

have a terror of sth.                             惧怕某事

have a nodding acquaintance with                与某人有点头之交

have confidence in sb.                     信任某人

have / make contact with                   —–接触

have control over/of                       控制—-

have / hold a conversation with              —-谈话

have the determination to do sth              决心干某事.

have / find difficulty/trouble (in) doing

have faith in                             信任—–

have sth. in mind                         记的,想到

have mercy on/upon                       同情—–,怜悯—–

hunger for / after                          渴望

have resort to sb.                         求助于某人

have no reference to                       ——无关

have trouble with                         —–闹纠纷

hold the position of (as)                    担任的职务

keep an eye on                           照看,留意

keep / control one’s temper                忍住不发脾气

keep one’s balance                         保持平衡

keep ( break ) one’s appointment                  守(违)约

keep company with                       —–结交,与—–亲热

keep sb. company                         陪伴某人

keep competition between                  ——之间进行竞争

keep(break) faith                         忠于(背弃)信仰

keep one’s mind on                       专注于

keep/bear in mind                        记住

keep one’s head                          保持镇定

keep pace with                           —–并驾齐驱

keep ( carry out) a promise                  遵守(履行)诺言

keep in touch with sb.                     与某人保持联络

keep track of                             记录,保持与联系

keep one’s word                          守信用

keep to the point                          紧扣主题

lay a claim to                            主张,要求,自以为是

lay / put / place emphasis on / upon           着重于,强调

lead the way                             领路,带路

learn by heart                            记住,背过

leave sth. out of consideration               不考虑某事

lose control of                           失去对——的控制

lose one’s balance                        失去平衡

lose one’s head                            慌乱,惊慌失措

lose heart                                失去信心

lose contact with                          —–失去联系

lose sight of                               看不见

lose one’s temper                          发脾气

lose faith in                              失去对—–的信任

lose track of                               失去—-的线索

make an appeal to sb. (for sth. )              向某人呼吁某事

make an appointment with sb.               于某人约会

make an attempt to do sth.                  企图做某事

make the acquaintance of sb.                 结识某人

(make) comments on/upon sth.               评论

make a comparison between                 —-进行比较

make a complaint against                    控告

make / offer an apology to sb.                     向某人道歉

make the best of                           充分利用

make a decision                            决定

make a difference between                   区别对待

make a difference to                        使—–产生变化

make an exception of                       —–作为例外

make no exception(s)                       不容许有例外

make one’s farewell (s)                     告别,道别

make fashion                             做做样子

make a fortune                            发财

make friends                             交朋友

make inquiries of sb. about sth.               —-某人询问某事

make preparations against                   为防止—–做准备

make preparations for                      —–做准备

make mention of                          提及,谈到

make up one’s mind                       下决心

make a point                             立论,证明论点

make a promise                           许诺

make a reduction                          减少

make references to                         提到

make a response to                               —-做出答复

make satisfaction for                        补偿

make /offer resistance to                     抵御,抵抗

make sense                                讲得通,言之有理

make talk                                 聊天,闲谈

make way                                让路,腾出地方

make trouble                             找麻烦,闹事

make use of                               利用

obstacle to                                —-的障碍

pay regard to                              重视

pay attention to                             注意

place an order for sth. with                   ——订购某物

present a striking contrast between             使两者形成明显的对比

put / bring / carry into effect                   实行,使起作用

play a joke on sb.                           开某人的玩笑

play a role in                               —–中扮演角色,起作用

play a trick on sb.                          作弄某人

play a part (in)                             扮演—-的角色

put in / into practice                         实施,实行

put sb. to shame                            羞辱某人

put / place / lay stress on/upon                 把重点放在—-

put to use                                       使用

reaction to                                 —–的反应

recovery from                              —–中恢复

resist temptation                            抵制诱惑

run / take a risk                             冒险

set up (remove) a barrier between                   ——中设置(拆除)障碍

set up a claim to sth.                         —–提出要求

set / give a good example to sb.                给某人树立榜样

set the fashion                              创立新式样

set fire to                                  点燃

set a trap                                  设陷阱

substitute for sth.                          代替物

take into account                           考虑

take (no) account of                         (不)考虑

take advantage of                            利用,趁—–之机

take care                                   注意,当心

take care of                                 照料,照顾

take a chance                               冒险,投机

take charge of                              接管,管理

take (seek) comfort in                        ——中得到(寻求)安慰

take command of                            指挥

take into consideration                   考虑

take ( a) delight in                      ——为乐

take one’s departure                    动身,出发

take effect                            生效,起作用

take one’s farewell of sb.                向某人道别

take / give a glance at                   —–初略地看一下

throw / cast light on/upon                使人了解某事

take notice of                          注意到

take /make an objection to                反对—–

take pains                             努力,尽力

take part in                            参加

take place                             发生,进行

take the place of                        取代,代替

take possession of                      占有,占领

take pride in                           —–自豪

take the resolution to do sth.                   决心做某事

take the responsibility for ( of)            负起做某事的责任

take / bear one’s share of                     承担自己的一份

take the firm stand                     坚定立场

take a stand for (against) sth.             赞成(反对)某事

take one’s temperature                  量体温

take one’s time                        不着急

take turns                                  依次,轮流

thanks to                                   由于

throw a scare into sb.                   吓坏某人

throw / cast / put into the shade           使逊色,使相形见绌

try one’s fortune                       碰运气

yield / give way to temptation            经不起诱惑


be absent from                             缺席,不在

be accustomed to                     习惯于

be applicable to                        适应于,应用于

be ashamed of                        —–感到羞愧

be aware of                          意识到,知道

be beneficial to                        —-有利

be blind to                            —–视而不见

be bound for/to                        准备到—–去的,一定

be capable of                        —–能力的,可—-

be characteristic of                    特有的,表示—-特性的

be common to                        共同的,共有的

be compatible with                    适合的,一致的

be confident of                        确信,相信

be conscious of                        意识到

be consistent with                     —-一致,与—-相符

be content with                       —-感到满意

be contrary to                        —-相反

be convenient to / for                   —–方便

be crazy about/on                      —–着迷,热衷于

be crazy for                           渴望

be critical of                          —-表示谴责,对—–感到不满

be dependent on / upon                       依赖,依靠

be distinct form                        —–不同,有区别

be diverse from                        —-不一样

be doubtful about/of                    怀疑

be due to                                    由于,应归于,(按计划)将做—-

be eager for/about/after                  渴求——

be economical of                       节俭,节约

be equivalent to                        等于,相当于

be essential to/for                       必不可少的,基本的

be familiar to                          ——所熟悉

be familiar with                         熟悉

be fit for /                             胜任—-,适合——

be fond of                             喜欢

be foreign to                           陌生的,与——无关的

be good at                             擅长于

be generous with / in (doing)              慷慨,大方

be grateful to sb. for                     —–表示感谢

be guilty of                             ——感到内疚,犯—-的罪

be helpful to                           —-有帮助

be identical to/with                      —–相同

be ignorant of                                不知道,无知

be independent of                      不依靠

be indispensable for / to                       必需的

be inferior to                           劣于,(地位等)低于—-

be innocent of                               清白的,无辜的

be jealous of                           妒嫉—–,注意提防的

be keen on                             喜爱,着迷于——

be liable to                              易于——的,应受(处罚)的

be liable for                            有责任

be loyal to                             —-忠诚的

be married to                          和某人结婚

be new to                             陌生的,不熟悉

be opposite to                          对立的,相反的

be preferable to                         更好的,更可取得

be prior to                             —-之前

be proportional to                       —–成比例

be proud of                            —-感到骄傲

be qualified for                         胜任,具有的资格

be qualified in                                胜任,适合

be ready for                           —-做好准备

be relative to                           —-有关系的

be relevant to                          —-有关

be representative of                     代表

be resistant to                                  —-有抵抗力的

be responsible to sb. for sth                 ——负责

be ripe for                                 准备好的,时机成熟的

be secure from / against                    安全的

be sensitive to                                  —-敏感的

be shy of                                —-迟疑,畏缩

be similar to                             —-相似

be skillful at / in                          善于,精于

be strict with                             —–严格要求

be subject to                             易受—-的,受—–的支配

be sufficient for                           充足的,满足——

be suitable for / to                         适合—–

be superior to                            优于,比—–

be suspicious of                           怀疑,猜疑

be thirsty for                             渴望——

be tired of                               厌烦,厌倦

be typical of                             典型的,具有代表性的

be uncertain of/about/as to                  —–不确定

be worthy of                             值得——


above all                              有其实,最重要的是

after all                               毕竟,终究

ahead of                               —–之前

ahead of time                          提前

all at once                             突然,同时,一起

all but                                除了—–都,几乎

all of a sudden                         突然

all over                               到处,遍及

all over again                          重新,再一次

all right                               行,好,安然无恙

all the same                            依然,照样

all the time                             一直,始终

and so on / forth                         等等,诸如此类

anything but                            —–以外的任何事

apart from                               —–以外(别无)

as a matter of fact                        事实上

as a result                              结果,因此

as a result of                            由于,作为—-的结果

as a rule                                照例,通常

as for / to                                      关于,至于

as regards                               关于,有关

as usual                                像往常一样,照例

as well                                 叶,又,同样

aside from                              —–以外(尚无)

at a loss                                困惑,不追所措,亏本地

at a time                                一次,每次

at all costs                              不惜一切代价,无论如何

at all times                              无论何时,一直

at any rate                              无论如何,至少

at best                                 充其量,最多

at first                                 起先,最初

at first sight                             乍一看,第一次看到

at hand                                  在手边,在附近,即将到来

at heart                                 在内心里,本质上

at home                                 在家,在国内,自在

at intervals                              不时,在(时间,距离上)以—–的间隔

at large                                 详尽的,普遍的

at last                                  最后,终于

at least                                  至少,无论如何

at length                                最后,终于,详细地

at most                                 最多,不超过

at no time                               决不,从不

at once                                 立刻,马上

at one time                              曾经,一度,同时

at present                              目前,现在

at sb’s disposal                            由某人支配,供某人使用

at the cost of                           —-为代价

at the same time                         同时,然而,不过

at this rate                              照此速度

at times                                有时,间或

back and forth                                来回,反复

because of                              由于,因为

before long                             不久(以后)

beside the point                          离题,不相干

beyond question                         毫无疑问

by accident 

by air                                  通过航空途径

by all means                            务必,尽一切办法

by chance                               意外地,碰巧

by far                                  ——的多,最—–

by hand                                用手,手工的

by itself                                独自的,单独的

by means of                             依靠,借助于

by mistake                              错误地,无意中做了错事

by no means                             决不,并没有

by oneself                               独自的,单独的

by reason of                             由于,因为

by the way                              顺便地

by way of     

for good                                永久地

for the better                             好转,向好的方向发展

for the sake of                                  为了,为了—–的利益

for the time being                         暂时,眼下

from time to time                         有时,不时

in a hurry                                匆忙,急于

in a moment                              立刻,马上

in a sense                                从某种意义上说

in a / one way                            在某种程度上

in a / one word                                  总之,简而言之

in accordance with                        依据,与—-一致

in addition                               此外

in addition to                             —-以外

in advance                               预先,提前

in any case                              在任何情况下,无论如何

in brief                                 以简洁的方式,简言之

in case of                               如果发生,以防

in charge of                             负责,主管

in common                              共有的,共同的

in consequence                            结果,因此

in consequence of                        由于—–的缘故

in debt                                 欠债

in detail                                详细地

in difficulty                              陷入困境

in effect                                 实际上,事实上

in fact                                  实际上,其实

in favor of                               赞同,支持,有利于

in front of                               —–前面

in future = from now on                   今后,从今以后

in general                              总的来说,大体上

in half                                  分成两半

in hand                                (工作)在进行中,待办理

in honor of                              为纪念,为庆祝

in itself                                 本质上,就本身而言

in line                                 成一排,成一直线,有持续

in line with                             符合,与—-一致

in memory of                           为了纪念—-

in no case                                    决不,无论如何不

in no time                              立刻,马上

in no way                               状态良好,正气,有秩序

in order to                              为了,以—-为目的

in other words                           换言之

in part                                 在某种程度上,部分地

in particular                              特别,尤其

in person                               亲自,本人

in place                                在合适的位置,适当地

in place of                              代替,取代

in practice                              在实践中,实际上

in proportion to                          —-成比例

in public                                公开地,当众

in quantity = in large quantities              大量

in question                               正在被谈论,被争论

in / with relation to                        涉及,关于

in return                                作为回报或报答

in return for                             作为—–的交换

in short                                 总之,简言之

in / within sight of                        看得见,在视野范围内

in spite of                                     不管,不顾

in step                                  合拍,步调一致

in step with                              —–合步调,与—–一致

in tears                                  流着泪,哭泣

in the course of                            —–过程中,在—–期间

in the end                               最后,终于

in the event of                           万一,如果发生

in (the) face of                           面对,在—–前面

in the first place                          首先,本来

in the future                             将来

in (the)least                              丝毫,一点儿

in the light of                            鉴于,根据,由于

in the way  

in time                                  及时,最后

in / within touch                          联系,在—-附近

in touch with                            ——有联系

in turn                                   依次,轮流,反过来

in vain                                  徒劳地

instead of                                     代替,而不是

more or less                              或多或少

no doubt                                无疑

no longer                                不再

no more                                  不再,不再存在

now and then                             不时,偶尔

off and on / on and off                     有时,断断续续地

on a large scale                             大规模地

on a small scale                           小规模地

on account of                             由于,因为

on (an / the) average                       平均,通常

on behalf of                              代表

on board                                 在(船、飞机)上

on business                               因公,因事

on condition that                           —-条件下,如果

on duty                                  值班

on earth                                 究竟,到底

on fire                                   着火,起火

on foot                                   徒步,步行

on guard                                 值班,站岗

on hand                                  在手头,现有,在场

on occasion(s)                             有时,间或

on one’s guard                                   警惕,提防

on one’s own                             独自地,独立地

on purpose                               有意,故意地

on sale                                  出售,廉价出售

on schedule                              按时间表,准时

on second thoughts                        继而一想,进一步考虑后

on the contrary                            相反

on the ground (s) of                        根据,以—–为理由

on (the) one hand                         一方面

on the other hand                         另一方面

on the point of                           即将—–之时,正要—–的时候

on the road                              在途中

on the spot                              在现场,当场

on the whole                             总的来看,大体上

on time                                 准时,按时

once again                                再一次

once (and) for all                         一劳永逸,永远地

once in a while                          偶尔,间或

once more / again                        再一次

out of breath                            上气不接下气

out of control                           失去控制

out of date                             过时的,废弃的

out of doors                            户外的

out of order                            不正齐,出故障的

out of place                            不在合适的位置,不恰当的

out of practice                          久不练习,荒疏

out of sight                             看不见,在视野之外

out of the question                       不可能,办不到的

out of touch (with)                       —–无联系

over and over ( again)                    反复,再三

so as to                                 为的是,以致于

so—as to                                     如此—–以致于

so far                                    迄今为止

so/as far as— be concerned                ——而言

sooner or later                          迟早

to the point                             切题,切中要害

under control                           被控制住

under / in the circumstances               在这种情况下

under way                              在进行中

up to date                                    时新的,现代化的

with / in regard to                       关于,至于

with respect to                          关于,至于

with the exception of                     ——以外

without question                         毫无疑问

word for word                          逐字地,一字不变地



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